Could Jesus have sinned? from Compelling Truth
The Bible clearly teaches that Jesus lived without sin: “For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin” (Hebrews 4:15). So, we know that Jesus never sinned. The question is whether Jesus could have sinned if He had chosen to. What does the Bible indicate?
First, the Bible portrays Jesus as being tempted to sin. Matthew 4, Mark 1, and Luke 4 record the account of Jesus in the wilderness where Satan tempted Him with three specific tests. We are told Jesus was tempted, and He resisted the temptation using quotations from Scripture. Then Satan left Him. He was clearly able to be tempted, yet did not sin.
Logically, this presents a problem to many. If Jesus is human, He should be able to sin; yet, if He is God, He could not sin. Which is it?
Scripture does not solve this apparent dilemma. Instead, Jesus is both fully human and fully God. He is tempted, yet does not sin. He is perfect, yet faces temptation. He does sympathize with our human weaknesses because He did experience temptation and other human emotions, yet showed Himself perfect despite living within the confines of a human body.
Theologians sometimes speak of this issue in terms of the peccability (ability to sin) or impeccability (inability to sin) of Christ. Those who believe in peccability argue that temptation is not real unless someone could actually give in to the temptation. Those who believe in impeccability argue that the temptation was directed toward Christ’s human nature, and His overcoming of it proves His deity.