What does the Bible say about Jesus as judge? from Compelling Truth
The Bible teaches that “God will judge the righteous and the wicked, for there is a time for every matter and for every work” (Ecclesiastes 3:17). It also says, “the heavens declare his righteousness, for God himself is judge!” (Psalm 50:6). God Himself reiterated His role as judge in Ezekiel 33:20 when He stated, “Yet you say, ‘The way of the Lord is not just.’ O house of Israel, I will judge each of you according to his ways.” God is a righteous judge who will render just judgment of all people.
However, Jesus declared to His listeners, “For the Father judges no one, but has given all judgment to the Son… And he has given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man” (John 5:22, 27). So in this progression, God, who is “The Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, just and upright is he” (Deuteronomy 32:4), then passes the authority to render these upright judgments to His Son, Jesus.
This passing on of authority to judge was prophesied in Isaiah. In reference to the Messiah in Isaiah 11:3–4, God revealed, “He shall not judge by what his eyes see, or decide disputes by what his ears hear, but with righteousness he shall judge the poor, and decide with equity for the meek of the earth.” Again in Isaiah 16:5 God declared, “then a throne will be established in steadfast love, and on it will sit in faithfulness in the tent of David one who judges and seeks justice and is swift to do righteousness.” God had always planned that the Son would judge the earth with justice and righteousness according to the Father’s just and perfect will.
Jesus began to fulfill those prophecies when He said, “I can do nothing on my own. As I hear, I judge, and my judgment is just, because I seek not my own will but the will of him who sent me” (John 5:30). He also said, “You judge according to the flesh; I judge no one. Yet even if I do judge, my judgment is true, for it is not I alone who judge, but I and the Father who sent me” (John 8:15–16). So Jesus, in His shared righteousness with the Father and in submission to the Father’s will, now renders judgment.